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Ontario, Canada

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British Columbia, Canada

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About Taiwan

The Republic of China (ROC), Asia’s first constitutional democracy, was founded on January 1st, 1912, by Dr. Sun Yet-Sen, in what is known today as Mainland China. During the first two decades of its existence, the ROC suffered from internal turmoil as rival military regimes competed for power. In 1927, the nation was unified after feuding warlords were defeated in the Northern Expedition, launched by generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek. Before long, however, the Japanese Invasion of China during the Second World War prompted the Chinese to launch the eight-year War of Resistance against Japan in 1937. Japan was defeated in 1945 with the help of the allied nations, but the ROC was threatened yet again; this time by the growing power of the Chinese communists, who provoked a civil war and, with the help of the Soviet Union, ultimately gained control of the Chinese mainland. The defeated ROC government was forced to flee to Taiwan and there set up a provisional capital in Taipei.

 

The ROC today consists of the island of Taiwan and many of the surrounding island groups (known collectively as Taiwan) and is, despite mainland China’s insistence to the contrary, a de facto independent, self-governed, democracy.

 

For more detailed information on Taiwan, its culture, and events, please visit http://eng.taiwan.net.tw